Caffeinated instant coffee prevents an increase in exercise-mediated superoxide anion production in rat peritoneal neutrophils
Revista de Ciências Farmacêuticas Básica e Aplicada
The present study analyzed the in vivo effects of drinking caffeinated and decaffeinated instant coffee (8% w/v) by adult male Wistar rats submitted to high-intensity exercises. The parameters used in the evaluation were the determination of the activities of NADPH oxidase, myeloperoxidase and other antioxidant enzymes present in neutrophils of rats. It was observed that exercise-induced superoxide anion production depends on the NADPH oxidase activity (estimated by the cytochrome C reduction
... hrome C reduction test) in peritoneal neutrophils (p < 0.05). The intake of caffeinated and decaffeinated instant coffee beverages and of a caffeine solution to 1.67% did not induced changes in the activities of the enzymes myeloperoxidase, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase (p < 0.05). But consumption of caffeinated instant coffee drink prevented an increase in NADPH oxidase-mediated superoxide production induced by highly intense exercise in rat neutrophils. While the decaffeinated instant coffee drink or caffeine solution alone did not affect NADPH oxidase-mediated superoxide production. We suggest that this activity is associated with the chemical composition and concentration of phenolic compounds and other antioxidant substances formed during roasting. From the obtained results, it was concluded that moderate intake of caffeinated instant coffee (equivalent to a daily human consumption of 4 50-mL cups of coffee) may have beneficial effects on health, contributing to a reduction in superoxide anion generation. Therefore, more research must be conducted to elucidate the mechanism of action of caffeinated coffee on NADPH oxidase in neutrophils.