Numerical investigation of the dynamics of a thin-film type-II superconductor with and without disorder

A. K. Kienappel, M. A. Moore
1997 Physical Review B (Condensed Matter)  
The equilibrium dynamics of a thin film type II superconductor with spherical geometry are investigated numerically in a simulation based on the lowest Landau level approximation to the time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau equation. Both the static and time-dependent density-density correlation functions of the superconducting order parameter have been investigated. As the temperature is lowered the correlation length, the length-scale over which the vortices have short-range crystalline order,
more » ... ses but the introduction of quenched random disorder reduces this correlation length. We see no signs of a phase transition in either the pure or the disordered case. For the disordered system there is no evidence for the existence of a Bragg glass phase with quasi long-range correlations. The dynamics in both the pure and disordered systems is activated, and the barrier of the relaxation mechanism grows linearly with the correlation length. The self-diffusion time scale of the vortices was also measured and has the same temperature dependence as that of the longest time scales found in the time dependent density-density correlation function. The dominant relaxation mechanism observed is a change in orientation of a correlated region of size of the correlation length. A scaling argument is given to explain the value of the barrier exponent.
doi:10.1103/physrevb.56.8313 fatcat:kd4sfbnlbzd37cq3cyimpj5k5m