МОНІТОРИНГ СІЛЬСЬКОГОСПОДАРСЬКИХ КУЛЬТУР ІЗ ЗАСТОСУВАННЯМ КОСМІЧНИХ ЗНІМКІВ SENTINEL-2

Максим В'ячеславович Марюшко, Руслан Едуардович Пащенко, Наталія Сергіївна Коблюк
2019 RADIOELECTRONIC AND COMPUTER SYSTEMS  
The subject of the study in the article is the growing need for the use of spatial information for efficient agricultural production, due to the growing tendency of Earth remote sensing data accessibility, which, due to the spatial and temporal resolution improvement, can be used in the land cover analysis and other related jobs. The goal is to review the obtaining process of satellite multispectral space imagery from Sentinel-2 and to consider the possibility of their use for monitoring crops
more » ... uring the entire vegetation phase. The tasks: to study the modern needs of agricultural producers in the field of analysis of land cover occupied by agricultural crops; the analysis of the European Space Agency programs and the global land program Copernicus, which uses spatial information from Sentinel-2 for use in the agricultural sector; estimation of the constellation characteristics of Sentinel-2, imaging equipment and remote sensing data processing results by ground services received from Internet services; the use of Sentinel-2 multispectral space imagery for monitoring crops during the entire vegetation phase. The following results were obtained. After analyzing agricultural producers needs and the European Space Agency program, the feasibility of using multispectral space images taken by the Multispectral Instrument installed on satellites Sentinel-2 was established. Free access to the space imagery database is provided through the Copernicus Open Access Hub Internet Service. For the researched territory, Poltava region, Chutov district, the village of Vilkhovatka, various time space images were obtained and the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) was calculated. Histogram analysis of the obtained vegetation index values distribution within a single field (corn to grain) allows to reveal a quantitative and qualitative change in biomass, indicating a change in the vegetative phase. Conclusions. The approach described in this paper allows to conduct monitoring of the cropping state during the vegetation phase using both qualitative – visual analysis and quantitative – NDVI index, criteria. The change in the values of the normalized difference vegetation index can reveal a change in the biomass state. However, for calculating the NDVI index, data from near-infrared and red channels is needed, which complicates the acquisition of the original image. Therefore, in order to obtain the quantitative criteria in subsequent jobs, it is expedient to consider the possibility of using fractal dimension, which will reduce the amount of input data required for calculations.
doi:10.32620/reks.2019.1.11 fatcat:zkwpykr7lzfhfms7ekpt4kzqnm