Predictive factors of response in radial Extracorporeal Shock-waves Therapy for Myofascial and Articular Pain: A retrospective cohort study

André Tadeu Sugawara, Moises da Cunha Lima, Cristiane Bitencourt Dias
2021 Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation  
BACKGROUND: Myofascial Pain Syndrome causes disability in daily life activities and despite all efforts, it continues to be a challenge, perpetuating suffering, overloading services and costs. New treatment options need to be tested. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to quantify the rESWT short-term analgesic effect and identify the success predictors through results comparisons achieved in MPS and Articular Pain (AP). METHOD: Retrospective cohort study of 1,580 patients with Myofascial Pain Syndrome or
more » ... ular Pain underwent two weekly radial Extracorporeal Shock-wave Therapy sessions. The pain intensity was measured by Visual Analog Scale before and one week after the end of the treatment (3 weeks). RESULTS: The therapy decreases pain by 62.50% (p< 0.0001), with a high success rate (91.59%) and a low worsening rate (2.1%). The best recommendation is for patients with intense myofascial pain (Visual Analog Scale ⩾ 70 mm), using high shock-wave frequency (⩾ 15 Hz). CONCLUSIONS: Two rESWT sessions promote pain relief, with a high success rate and low rates of treatment abandonment and worsening. The best results are obtained in myofascial pain patients with high pain intensity, treated with high-frequency dosage.
doi:10.3233/bmr-200152 pmid:33492278 fatcat:pjlv5whef5a5ple73nz6yjmisy