Hybrid Computerized Method for Environmental Sound Classification

Silvia Liberata Ullo, Smith K. Khare, Varun Bajaj, G. R. Sinha
2020 IEEE Access  
Classification of environmental sounds plays a key role in security, investigation, robotics since the study of the sounds present in a specific environment can allow to get significant insights. Lack of standardized methods for an automatic and effective environmental sound classification (ESC) creates a need to be urgently satisfied. As a response to this limitation, in this paper, a hybrid model for automatic and accurate classification of environmental sounds is proposed. Optimum allocation
more » ... sampling (OAS) is used to elicit the informative samples from each class. The representative samples obtained by OAS are turned into the spectrogram containing their time-frequency-amplitude representation by using a short-time Fourier transform (STFT). The spectrogram is then given as an input to pre-trained AlexNet and Visual Geometry Group (VGG)-16 networks. Multiple deep features are extracted using the pre-trained networks and classified by using multiple classification techniques namely decision tree (fine, medium, coarse kernel), k-nearest neighbor (fine, medium, cosine, cubic, coarse and weighted kernel), support vector machine, linear discriminant analysis, bagged tree and softmax classifiers. The ESC-10, a ten-class environmental sound dataset, is used for the evaluation of the methodology. An accuracy of 90.1%, 95.8%, 94.7%, 87.9%, 95.6%, and 92.4% is obtained with a decision tree, k-neared neighbor, support vector machine, linear discriminant analysis, bagged tree and softmax classifier respectively. The proposed method proved to be robust, effective, and promising in comparison with other existing state-of-the-art techniques, using the same dataset.
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3006082 fatcat:rlrn6l4xpfbctbjpfh4hgbklka