"To Study the Partial Replacement of Cement by GGBS & RHA and Natural Sand by Quarry Sand In Concrete"

Sonali K. Gadpalliwar, R. S. Deotale, Abhijeet R. Narde
2014 IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering  
Concrete is the most widely used construction material in civil engineering industry because of its high structural strength and stability. The concrete industry is constantly looking for supplementary cementitious material with the objective of reducing the solid waste disposal problem. Ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS) Rice husk ash (RHA) and Quarry sand (QS) are among the solid wastes generated by industry. To overcome from this crisis, partial replacement of natural sand (NS) with
more » ... ural sand (NS) with Quarry sand and partial replacement of cement with GGBS and RHA can be an economic alternative. This research is carried out in three phase, in first phase mix of M40 grade concrete with replacement of 0%,15%,30%,45%,60%,75%,90% and 100% of quarry sand with natural sand is carried out to determine the optimum percentage of replacement at which maximum compressive strength is achieved. It is observed that when natural sand is partially replaced with 60% quarry sand maximum strength is achieved. In second phase, cement is partially replaced with GGBS by 10%, 20% and 30%. In phase three, combination of GGBS and RHA is partially replaced with cement. The composition of 22.5% GGBS + 7.5% RHA with 60% of quarry sand gives good strength results.
doi:10.9790/1684-11226977 fatcat:kxyos7jjnfez5g6nls6rhcudki