Regorafenib Is Transported by the Organic Anion Transporter 1B1 and the Multidrug Resistance Protein 2

Hiroki Ohya, Yoshihiko Shibayama, Jiro Ogura, Katsuya Narumi, Masaki Kobayashi, Ken Iseki
2015 Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin  
Regorafenib is a small molecule inhibitor of tyrosine kinases, and has been shown to improve the outcomes of patients with advanced colorectal cancer and advanced gastrointestinal stromal tumors. The transport profiles of regorafenib by various transporters were evaluated. HEK293/organic anion transporting polypeptide 1B1 (OATP1B1) cells exhibited increased drug sensitivity to regorafenib. Regorafenib inhibited the uptake of 3 H-estrone sulfate by HEK293/OATP1B1 cells in a dose-dependent
more » ... but did not affect its elimination by P-glycoproteins. The concentration of regorafenib was significantly lower in LLC-PK1/multidrug resistance protein 2 (MRP2) cells than in LLC-PK1 cells treated with the MRP2 inhibitor, MK571. MK571 abolished the inhibitory effects of regorafenib on intracellular accumulation in LLC-PK1/MRP2 cells. The uptake of regorafenib was significantly higher in HEK293/OATP1B1 cells than in OATP1B1-mock cells. Transport kinetics values were estimated to be K m 15.9 µM and V max 1.24 nmol/mg/min. No significant difference was observed in regorafenib concentrations between HEK293/OATP1B3 and OATP1B3-mock cells. These results indicated that regorafenib is a substrate for MRP2 and OATP1B1, and also suggest that the substrate preference of regorafenib may implicate the pharmacokinetic profiles of regorafenib.
doi:10.1248/bpb.b14-00740 pmid:25739790 fatcat:oa2wzcov3zbgtljne7k3lvb3oa