Branched-chain amino acid aminotransferase in mouse testicular tissue

E. E. Montamat, J. Moreno, A. Blanco
1978 Reproduction  
Branched-chain amino acid aminotransferase (L-leucine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase, EC 2.6.1.6) activity was determined in several tissues of the mouse. Testis homogenates presented a specific activity very close to that of heart extracts which were the most active. Enzyme activity was detectable in testes from 5-day-old mice and increased steadily during development to reach a maximum at the 20th day of life. The transaminase was present in the cytosol of testicular homogenates and also
more » ... enates and also associated, probably in the matrix, with a special type of mitochondria present in spermatozoa and gametogenic cells. The enzyme from testis is active against the three branched-chain amino acids and catalyses the reaction in both directions. Highest activity and lowest Km were obtained with L-leucine. Activity with L-valine was the lowest. The enzyme from the mitochondrial fraction showed identical properties to that from the soluble phase. The possible participation of this aminotransferase in a shuttle system transferring reducing equivalents from cytoplasm to mitochondria is postulated.
doi:10.1530/jrf.0.0530117 pmid:641889 fatcat:qtm2ijvrunhtdgyxzmu6wrwxpu