Machine Learning in Prediction of IgA Nephropathy Outcome: A Comparative Approach

Andrzej Konieczny, Jakub Stojanowski, Magdalena Krajewska, Mariusz Kusztal
2021 Journal of Personalized Medicine  
We are overwhelmed by a deluge of data and, although its interpretation is challenging, fortunately, information technology comes to the rescue. One of the tools is artificial intelligence, allowing the identification of relationships between variables and their arbitrary classification. We focused on the assessment of both the remission of proteinuria and the deterioration of kidney function in patients with IgA nephropathy, comparing several methods of machine learning. It is of utmost
more » ... nce to respond to subtle changes in kidney function, which will lead to a deceleration of the disease. This goal has been achieved by analyzing regression techniques, predicting the difference in serum creatinine concentration. We obtained the performance of the tested models which classified patients with high accuracy (Random Forest Classifier showed an accuracy of 0.8–1.0, Multi-Layer Perceptron an Area Under Curve of 0.8842–0.9035 and an accuracy of 0.7527–1.0) and regressors with a low estimation error (Decision Tree Regressor showed MAE 0.2059, RMSE 0.2645). We have demonstrated the impact of both model selection and input features on performance. Application of machine learning methods requires careful selection of models and assessed parameters. The computing power of modern computers allows searching for the models most effective in terms of accuracy.
doi:10.3390/jpm11040312 pmid:33920611 fatcat:sudq4kqtvvdajkrwixsfyn2dom