Fast multiresolution motion estimation algorithms for wavelet-based scalable video coding

Yu Liu, King Ngi Ngan
2007 Signal processing. Image communication  
Motion estimation and compensation in wavelet domain have received much attention recently. To overcome the inefficiency of motion estimation in critically sampled wavelet domain, the low-band-shift (LBS) method and the completeto-overcomplete discrete wavelet transform (CODWT) method are proposed for motion estimation in shift-invariant wavelet domain. However, a major disadvantage of these methods is the computational complexity. Although the CODWT method has reduced the computational
more » ... ty by skipping the inverse wavelet transform and making the direct link between the critically sampled subbands and the shift-invariant subbands, the full search algorithm (FSA) increases it. In this paper, we proposed two fast multiresolution motion estimation algorithms in shift-invariant wavelet domain: one is the wavelet matching error characteristic based partial distortion search (WMEC-PDS) algorithm, which improves computational efficiency of conventional partial distortion search algorithms while keeping the same estimate accuracy as the FSA; another is the anisotropic double cross search (ADCS) algorithm using multiresolution-spatiotemporal context, which provides a significantly computational load reduction while only introducing negligible distortion compared with the FSA. Due to the multiresolution nature, both the proposed approaches can be applied to wavelet-based scalable video coding. Experimental results show the superiority of the proposed fast motion estimation algorithms against other fast algorithms in terms of speed-up and quality. r
doi:10.1016/j.image.2007.03.001 fatcat:cjzttecsvrg7bkopuhqfbr52ne