Technology-Supported University Courses for Increasing University Students' Physical Activity Levels: A Systematic Review and Set of Design Principles for Future Practice

Kuston Sultoni, Louisa Peralta, Wayne Cotton
2021 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
Physical activity levels tend to decrease as adolescents' transition to adulthood. University course-based interventions utilising technology are a promising idea to combat this decrease. This review aims to systematically identify, critically appraise, and summarise the best available evidence regarding technology-supported university courses that aim to increase student's physical activity levels. The second aim is to create initial design principles that will inform future practice in the
more » ... a. Data Sources: CINAHL, ERIC, MEDLINE, ProQuest, PsycINFO, Scopus, SPORTDiscus, Web of Science. Search dates from January 2010 to December 2020. Study Inclusion: RCT or non-RCT or quasi-experimental studies describing university course-based interventions using technology that aim to increase the physical activity levels of university students. Data Extraction: Source (country), methods, participants, interventions, theoretical frameworks and type of technologies, outcome and measurement instrument, and results. Data Synthesis: Systematic review. Result: A total of 1939 articles were identified through databases. Six studies met the inclusion criteria. Conclusion: Four of the six included studies reported significant increases in university students' physical activity levels. An analysis of the six included studies identified four design principles that future course designers could utilise as they develop technology-supported university courses that aim to increase the physical activity levels of university students. Further work is required to test the effectiveness of these four design principles.
doi:10.3390/ijerph18115947 pmid:34206035 pmcid:PMC8199448 fatcat:7v3l4h7pvvbbzav3a56wgnwoia