Accumulation of Heavy Metals by Living and Dead Bacteria as Biosorbents: Isolated from Waste Soil
Pakistan journal of scientific and industrial research
In the present study Enterococcus luteus, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus have beenused for biosorption of cadmium and chromium from aqueous solution of various concentrations. Bacteriawere isolated from waste soil and identified through various morphological features, biochemical tests,and staining procedure. Biosorption capacity (both dead and live biomass) was observed through brothtechnique and absorbance values were measured using atomic absorbance spectrophotometer.
... ometer. Differentparameters were optimised for metal biosorption, including incubation periods (24, 48, 72 and 96 h) andpH (4, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10) at 37 °C. Agar well and agar disc diffusion methods were used for resistogramand antibiogram analysis. Through agar well diffusion method, S. aureus showed complete resistanceagainst all concentrations of chromium and cadmium (50 to 300 µg/mL). E. luteus showed resistance on50 µg/mL and 100 µg/mL of both metals while E. coli exhibited resistance against all cadmium concentrations(50 to 300 µg/mL) while sensitivity was observed in case of chromium (12.0 ± 0.0 mm to 24.0 ± 0.0 mm).Through broth method, E. luteus showed good cadmium absorbance capacity at acidic pH 4 and 6, E. coliat pH 4, 6 and 7 and S. aureus at pH 6, 7 and 8. In case of chromium, S. aureus showed maximumabsorbance at pH 6; E. coli at pH 7 and 8 and E. luteus showed minimum absorbance for chromium at pH6 and 8. All bacterial isolates showed maximum biosorption of both metals after 24 h of incubation. Resultssuggested that pH 6 and incubation period 24 h could be better for biosorption of cadmium and chromiumremoval. Dead biomass of E. coli and S. aureus was more efficient for cadmium removal while both deadand live biomass (E. luteus, E. coli and S. aureus) have potential for chromium removal. These microbescould be used as potential source of heavy metal biosorbent, biosorbent