Simultaneous Embeddings with Few Bends and Crossings

Fabrizio Frati, Michael Hoffmann, Vincent Kusters
2019 Journal of Graph Algorithms and Applications  
A simultaneous embedding with fixed edges (Sefe) of two planar graphs R and B is a pair of plane drawings of R and B that coincide when restricted to their common vertices and edges. We show that whenever R and B admit a Sefe, they also admit a Sefe in which every edge is a polygonal curve with few bends and every pair of edges has few crossings. Specifically: (1) if R and B are trees then one bend per edge and four crossings per edge pair suffice, (2) if R is a planar graph and B is a tree
more » ... six bends per edge and eight crossings per edge pair suffice, and (3) if R and B are planar graphs then six bends per edge and sixteen crossings per edge pair suffice. This improves on results by Grilli et al. (GD'14), who prove that nine bends per edge suffice, and by Chan et al. (GD'14), who prove that twenty-four crossings per edge pair suffice. F. Frati is partially supported by MIUR project AMANDA, prot. 2012C4E3KT 001. M. Hoffmann and V.
doi:10.7155/jgaa.00507 fatcat:mazzfptm75havkdnlfwrmqwmue