IP3 Receptor Plasticity Underlying Diverse Functions

Kozo Hamada, Katsuhiko Mikoshiba
2019 Annual Review of Physiology  
In the body, extracellular stimuli produce inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3), an intracellular chemical signal that binds to the IP3 receptor (IP3R) to release calcium ions (Ca2+) from the endoplasmic reticulum. In the past 40 years, the wide-ranging functions mediated by IP3R and its genetic defects causing a variety of disorders have been unveiled. Recent cryo-electron microscopy and X-ray crystallography have resolved IP3R structures and begun to integrate with concurrent functional
more » ... functional studies, which can explicate IP3-dependent opening of Ca2+-conducting gates placed ∼90 Å away from IP3-binding sites and its regulation by Ca2+. This review highlights recent research progress on the IP3R structure and function. We also propose how protein plasticity within IP3R, which involves allosteric gating and assembly transformations accompanied by rapid and chronic structural changes, would enable it to regulate diverse functions at cellular microdomains in pathophysiological states. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Physiology, Volume 82 is February 10, 2020. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/page/journal/pubdates for revised estimates.
doi:10.1146/annurev-physiol-021119-034433 pmid:31730387 fatcat:2lfvhcscejbd7o6radqm6exl2m