Vicini (ma non troppo). Uno studio esplorativo sul tema del vicinato in Italia

Lidia Manzo
2013 CIDADES Comunidades e Territórios  
This paper is an exploratory analysis on the role of neighbours and informal neighbour support in Italy. To be more precise, we have investigated two aspects: at the individual level, we studied the perception of neighbours, while at the family level, we were interested in understanding what kind of supportive relationships can be established between neighbours. In the first part, we develop our theoretical framework, describing a number of factors that can influence the form and content of the
more » ... and content of the neighbourly relationship, citing some results. In the second part, we use data from the Indagine Multiscopo Istat conducted in the year 2003. Regarding the level of neighbours perception, results from binomial logistic regression models indicate that, within the same socio-demographic characteristics and place of residence, there is an effect exerted by urban dimension and level of education. Urban dimension appears to have a negative effect on positive neighbours perception. However, we also found that the higher the level of education, the more likely to have a positive perception of neighbours, and this effect is higher in metropolitan areas compared to other urban areas. Interestingly, supportive relationships among Italian families who experience housing proximity, represent not only an undemanding attitude, but also an infrequent one. Introduzione Il vicinato assolve molteplici funzioni, quali l'aiuto reciproco nella vita quotidiana, la possibilità di integrare i contatti e le relazioni familiari, l'assimilazione dei nuovi arrivati e forme di controllo sociale. Le persone stabiliscono relazioni se fanno affari insieme, lavorano insieme, vanno in chiesa, giocano insieme o anche in altri modi, e queste relazioni possono essere o meno altamente specializzate e altamente organizzate. Ma le persone stabiliscono relazioni anche quando "vivono insieme nello stesso luogo, quando conducono la propria vita domestica nella stessa località. Le interdipendenze che stabiliscono tra loro come persone che hanno una vita domestica, un luogo in cui dormono, mangiano e crescono la propria famiglia, sono interdipendenze specificamente comunitarie" (Elias e Scotson, trad. it. 2004: 231). Come spiegano Sassatelli et al. (2008) , la 1 Acknowledgements are due to Teresio Poggio, from the Free University of Bozen, and Moris Triventi, from the European University Institute, who read the draft and made a number of pertinent suggestions and remarks. I am also grateful to the two anonymous referees and the board of the Doctoral School in Social Science at Trento University for their valuable critics received on a previous version of this paper in November 2010. This work is based on a secondary analysis of data from the ISTAT survey Multiscopo 2003. All the faults are mine. 2 lidia.
doi:10.7749/citiescommunitiesterritories.jun2013.026.art02 fatcat:nwnbnntpmrfwrd7tuzpizewknm