Blockchain Enabled Transparent and Anti-Counterfeiting Supply of COVID-19 Vaccine Vials

Harsha Chauhan, Deepali Gupta, Sheifali Gupta, Aman Singh, Hani Moaiteq Aljahdali, Nitin Goyal, Irene Delgado Noya, Seifedine Kadry
<span title="2021-10-25">2021</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="" style="color: black;">Vaccines</a> </i> &nbsp;
The COVID-19 pandemic has profoundly affected almost all facets of peoples' lives, various economic areas and regions of the world. In such a situation implementation of a vaccination can be viewed as essential but its success will be dependent on availability and transparency in the distribution process that will be shared among the stakeholders. Various distributed ledgers (DLTs) such as blockchain provide an open, public, immutable system that has numerous applications due the mentioned
more &raquo; ... ties. In this paper the authors have proposed a solution based on blockchain to increase the security and transparency in the tracing of COVID-19 vaccination vials. Smart contracts have been developed to monitor the supply, distribution of vaccination vials. The proposed solution will help to generate a tamper-proof and secure environment for the distribution of COVID-19 vaccination vials. Proof of delivery is used as a consensus mechanism for the proposed solution. A feedback feature is also implemented in order to track the vials lot in case of any side effect cause to the patient. The authors have implemented and tested the proposed solution using Ethereum test network, RinkeyBy, MetaMask, one clicks DApp. The proposed solution shows promising results in terms of throughput and scalability.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="">doi:10.3390/vaccines9111239</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">pmid:34835170</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">pmcid:PMC8620123</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">fatcat:efjtfq2kgzcmpjbxkvddoagzwu</a> </span>
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