BAG3 promotes the phenotypic transformation of primary rat vascular smooth muscle cells via TRAIL
International Journal of Molecular Medicine
under normal physiological condition, the mature vascular smooth muscle cells (VSmcs) show differentiated phenotype. in response to various environmental stimuluses, VSmcs convert from the differentiated phenotype to dedifferentiated phenotype characterized by the increased ability of proliferation/migration and the reduction of contractile ability. the phenotypic transformation of VSmcs played an important role in atherosclerosis. Both Bcl-2-associated athanogene 3 (BaG3) and tumor necrosis
... d tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis inducing ligand (trail) involved in apoptosis. the relationship between BaG3 and trail and their effects the proliferation and migration in VSmcs are rarely reported. this study investigated the effects of BaG3 on the phenotypic modulation and the potential underlying mechanisms in primary rat VSmcs. Primary rat VSmcs were extracted and cultured in vitro. cell proliferation was detected by cell counting, real-time cell analyzer (rtca) and edu incorporation. cell migration was detected by wound healing, transwell and rtca. BaG3 and trail were detected using real-time Pcr and western blotting and the secreted proteins in the cultured media by dot blot. the expression of BaG3 increased with continued passages in cultured primary VSmcs. BaG3 promoted the proliferation and migration of primary rat VSmc in a time-dependent manner. BaG3 significantly increased the expression of trail while had no effects on its receptors. trail knockdown or blocking by neutralizing antibody inhibited the proliferation of VSmcs induced by BAG3. TRAIL knockdown exerted no obvious influence on the migration of VSmcs. Based on this study, we report for the first time that BAG3 was expressed in cultured primary rat VSmcs and the expression of BaG3 increased with continued passages. furthermore, BaG3 promoted the proliferation of VSmcs via increasing the expression of trail. in addition, we also demonstrated that BaG3 promoted the migration of VSmcs independent of trail upregulation.