Cytotoxicity test of binjai leaf (Mangifera caesia) ethanol extract in relation to Vero cells

Fifi Dwidhanti, Irham Taufiqurrahman, Bayu Indra Sukmana
2018 Dental Journal: Majalah Kedokteran Gigi  
Binjai leaves (Mangifera caesia) constitute one part of a medicinal plant from South Borneo that contains potential anticancer and antioxidant flavonoids. Before using medicinal plants as adjuvant therapy material, a cytotoxicity test of a material extract needs to be conducted in order to establish the safety of natural ingredients that will be used in the production of medicinal products. Purpose: This research aimed to determine whether the ethanol extract of binjai leaves proved cytotoxic
more » ... Vero cells and determine the value of IC50 after the administering of ethanol extract of Binjai leaves by means of an MTT assay method. Methods: This research incorporated a true experimental method with posttest-only control design that consisted of ten groups. The Binjai leaf ethanol extract of varying concentrations was administered to eight groups, namely;1.25µg/mL, 62.5µg/mL, 125µg/mL, 250µg/mL, 500µg/mL, 1000µg/mL, 2000µg/mL and 4000µg/mL. The control groups consisted of two groups, one cell control group and one media control group. The cell viability percentage was calculated by an absorbent of ELISA reader. Results: The probit analysis result had an IC50 value of 2498.48µg/mL (IC50>1000µg/mL constituted a non-toxic category). Conclusion: Ethanol extract of Binjai leaves is not cytotoxic to Vero cells as shown by an assay MTT method which produced an IC50 value of 2498.48µg/mL.
doi:10.20473/j.djmkg.v51.i3.p108-113 fatcat:gyedkv5hx5e7tp2gcru5255rvu