Predicting coronary graft occlusion in males with type 2 diabetes: an annual prospective study

N. S. Lisytenko, N. A. Morova, V. N. Tsekhanovich
2020 Kuban Scientific Medical Bulletin  
Aim. Identification of factors affecting coronary bypass graft patency in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) during one year after coronary bypass grafting.Materials and methods. Coronary artery bypass grafting for stable effort angina was ordered in 23 men with T2D. The patients had transthoracic echocardiogram before surgery. All patients were verified for lupus anticoagulant (LA) in blood on the 14th day after surgery. A year later, the patients underwent coronary shuntography to assess
more » ... ss patency.Results. LA was detected in 15 of 23 patients (65%). One year after surgery, occlusions of coronary shunts were revealed in 10 of 23 patients. In patients with coronary shunt occlusions, end-diastolic and end-systolic dimensions, end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes, end-systolic and end-diastolic indices (EDD, ESD, EDV, ESV, ESI, EDI, respectively), as well as the LA ratio significantly exceeded those in patients without occlusions (Mann—Whitney p values 0.004, 0.012, 0.012, 0.006, 0.006, 0.004, 0.017, respectively). A method is proposed for predicting coronary shunt occlusions based on assessment of end-diastolic volume of left ventricle and the LA ratio.Conclusion. Echocardiographic values for left ventricle (EDD, ESD, EDV, ESV, ESI, EDI) and the LA ratio are predictors of coronary graft occlusions in patients with type 2 diabetes.
doi:10.25207/1608-6228-2020-27-4-189-200 fatcat:yjr4ec5tl5dfjfdw2sp7ao73vq