Effects of recombinant neutral endopeptidase (EC 18.104.22.168) on the growth of lung cancer cell lines in vitro and in vivo
Clinical Cancer Research
Many lung cancers are stimulated by an autocrine/paracrine system of neuroendocrine peptide hormones. Attempts to block this autocrine growth pathway by interactions with specific ligand-receptor binding using monoclonal antibodies and peptide-specific antagonists have been largely unsuccessful because of the heterogeneity of hormone production and receptor expression. In the normal lung, neutral endopeptidase (NEP; CD10, CALLA, enkephalinase, and EC 22.214.171.124) plays a physiological role in
... logical role in degrading biologically active peptides, including all peptides implicated in autocrine growth stimulation of lung cancer. Cigarette smoke decreases the activity of NEP, indicating that the lack of NEP contributes to the dysregulation of the peptide autocrine system. The cloning of the human NEP gene allowed for production of sufficient quantities of recombinant NEP (rNEP) to evaluate its role in inhibiting the growth of lung cancer cells. In this study, we evaluated the ability of rNEP to inactivate the peptides involved in lung cancer signal transduction and to inhibit the growth of lung cancer cells as well as normal lung cells in vitro and in vivo in athymic nude mice. We showed that the growth inhibition of lung cancer cells by rNEP was related to the dose and schedule. Continuous exposure to high doses was required for growth inhibition. These studies confirm the importance of NEP in this autocrine pathway.