Zinc oxide-mediated photocatalytic decolorization of Ponceau S in aqueous suspension by visible light
International Nano Letters
ZnO, comprising nanosize particles (approximately 40 nm) has been prepared by heating (300°C) ZnCO 3 , which was obtained as precipitate by mixing ZnSO 4 and (NH 4 ) 2 CO 3 solutions. The prepared ZnO was characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy, and adsorption studies. It has been used to catalyze the decolorization of Ponceau S (PS), a model diazo dye, in an aqueous suspension under visible light (I ≈ 1.8 × 10 −4 W cm −2 ).
... 10 −4 W cm −2 ). This ZnO was found to be more efficient as a photocatalyst compared to pristine ZnO. ZnO samples with higher temperatures (500°C and 700°C) show less catalytic activity. SEM images show that the particle size of ZnO increases with the increase in calcined temperature of ZnO through agglomeration, resulting in a decrease in surface area. Photodecolorization of PS is affected by its and ZnO concentrations, but unaffected by the initial pH of the solutions in the range of 4 to 7. Illumination for a sufficiently long time completely mineralizes the dye, but no Zn 2+ can be detected in the clear solution. Photodegradation kinetics in the ZnO suspension obeys the Langmuir-Hinshelwood equation, and some activation of the ZnO surface by light is indicated.