Suprainguinal Fascia Iliaca Block Accelerates General Anesthesia Recovery and Relieves Postoperative Pain in Elderly Patients After Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Retrospective Study
Background: Peripheral regional block combined with general anesthesia might be a preferable anesthetic regimen for elderly patients receiving total hip arthroplasty. To investigate whether suprainguinal fascia iliaca block accelerates recovery after general anesthesia and relieves early postoperative pain in elderly patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty. Methods: Patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty under general anesthesia in 2015 or 2019 at the Second Affiliated Hospital of
... ted Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were grouped based on whether preoperative suprainguinal fascia iliaca block was performed. The time to tracheal extubation and spent in the post anesthesia care unit (PACU), intraoperative remifentanil dosage, fentanyl consumption in PACU, postoperative cumulative fentanyl consumption within 48 h after operation, visual analog scale (VAS) at rest and during movement on the first and second days after surgery, and adverse reactions were compared.Results: Thirty-one patients were included in the study (block group:16, no-block group: 15). The VAS at rest and during movement on the first and second days were significantly lower in the block group than in the no-block group (all P<0.05). The intraoperative remifentanil dosage, fentanyl consumption given in PACU, and postoperative cumulative fentanyl consumption in 48 h after operation were lower in the block group (all P<0.01). The time to tracheal extubation and the time spent in PACU in the block group were shorter (all P<0.01). Conclusion: Suprainguinal fascia iliaca block led to faster recovery after general anesthesia and early postoperative pain relief in elderly patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty.