Frequency specific spatial interactions in human electrocorticography: V1 alpha oscillations reflect surround suppression

B.M. Harvey, M.J. Vansteensel, C.H. Ferrier, N. Petridou, W. Zuiderbaan, E.J. Aarnoutse, M.G. Bleichner, H.C. Dijkerman, M.J.E. van Zandvoort, F.S.S. Leijten, N.F. Ramsey, S.O. Dumoulin
2013 NeuroImage  
a r t i c l e i n f o Electrical brain signals are often decomposed into frequency ranges that are implicated in different functions. Using subdural electrocorticography (ECoG, intracranial EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we measured frequency spectra and BOLD responses in primary visual cortex (V1) and intraparietal sulcus (IPS). In V1 and IPS, 30-120 Hz (gamma, broadband) oscillations allowed population receptive field (pRF) reconstruction comparable to fMRI estimates.
more » ... ower frequencies, however, responded very differently in V1 and IPS. In V1, broadband activity extends down to 3 Hz. In the 4-7 Hz (theta) and 18-30 Hz (beta) ranges broadband activity increases power during stimulation within the pRF. However, V1 9-12 Hz (alpha) frequency oscillations showed a different time course. The broadband power here is exceeded by a frequency-specific power increase during stimulation of the area outside the pRF. As such, V1 alpha oscillations reflected surround suppression of the pRF, much like negative fMRI responses. They were consequently highly localized, depending on stimulus and pRF position, and independent between nearby electrodes. In IPS, all 3-25 Hz oscillations were strongest during baseline recording and correlated between nearby electrodes, consistent with large-scale disengagement. These findings demonstrate V1 alpha oscillations result from locally active functional processes and relate these alpha oscillations to negative fMRI signals. They highlight that similar oscillations in different areas reflect processes with different functional roles. However, both of these roles of alpha seem to reflect suppression of spiking activity.
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2012.10.020 pmid:23085107 fatcat:vzamsvwdgnebxg54oo7mf3muni