Two-Stage Beamformer Design for Massive MIMO Downlink By Trace Quotient Formulation

Donggun Kim, Gilwon Lee, Youngchul Sung
2015 IEEE Transactions on Communications  
In this paper, the problem of outer beamformer design based only on channel statistic information is considered for two-stage beamforming for multi-user massive MIMO downlink, and the problem is approached based on signal-to-leakage-plus-noise ratio (SLNR). To eliminate the dependence on the instantaneous channel state information, a lower bound on the average SLNR is derived by assuming zero-forcing (ZF) inner beamforming, and an outer beamformer design method that maximizes the lower bound on
more » ... the lower bound on the average SLNR is proposed. It is shown that the proposed SLNR-based outer beamformer design problem reduces to a trace quotient problem (TQP), which is often encountered in the field of machine learning. An iterative algorithm is presented to obtain an optimal solution to the proposed TQP. The proposed method has the capability of optimally controlling the weighting factor between the signal power to the desired user and the interference leakage power to undesired users according to different channel statistics. Numerical results show that the proposed outer beamformer design method yields significant performance gain over existing methods.
doi:10.1109/tcomm.2015.2429646 fatcat:3rwnhb5evfgbnl2rjz6hew5g7u