Immune activation of murine RAW264.7 macrophages by sonicated and alkalized paramylon from Euglena gracilis [post]

Jiangxin Wang, Qingqing Guo, Decheng Bi, Mingcan Wu, Boming Yu, Lang Hu, Chenchen Liu, Liang Gu, Hui Zhu, Anping Lei, Xu Xu
2020 unpublished
Background: Euglena is a new super health food resource that is rich in the natural polysaccharide paramylon, a linear β-1,3-glucan with various biological activities including activity on the immune system in different cell lines and animals. Despite these reports, the immune regulation mechanism of paramylon is still unclear. Results: We investigate the signaling pathways paramylon impacts in immune macrophages. In RAW264.7 macrophages, sonicated and alkalized paramylon oligomers up-regulated
more » ... inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and increased secretion of nitric oxide (NO), interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, in a concentration-dependent manner. In addition, paramylon activated the nuclear factor-κB(NF-κB) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways and inhibiting these pathways attenuated the paramylon-induced secretion of the above immune-mediators. Conclusions: These results demonstrate that Euglena gracilis paramylon modulates the immune system via activation of the NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways and thus has potential therapeutic benefits.
doi:10.21203/rs.2.18242/v4 fatcat:p7it2ygkdjfbfhcozuiilrz25m