The ubiquitin-proteasome system and endocytosis

G J Strous, R Govers
1999 Journal of Cell Science  
Internalization of membrane proteins has been studied for more than three decades without solving all the underlying mechanisms. Our knowledge of clathrin-mediated endocytosis is certainly sufficient to understand the basic principles. However, more detailed insight is required to recognize why different proteins enter clathrin-coated pits with different rates and affinities. In addition to clathrin coat components, at least two adaptor systems and even more accessory proteins have been
more » ... s have been described to preselect membrane proteins before they can enter cells. Recent experimental data have identified the ubiquitin-proteasome system as a regulatory system for endocytosis. This system is well-known for its basic regulatory function in protein degradation, and controls a magnitude of key events. The ubiquitin-proteasome system is now identified as a regulator of the endocytosis of selected membrane proteins. In this review, we will discuss the complexity and implications of this mechanism for receptor-mediated endocytosis.
pmid:10212136 fatcat:2s4wekpswzemjfwve7zvonn4cy