Technological capability accumulation in the 'maquila industry' in Mexico

Gabriela Dutrénit, Alexandre O. Vera-Cruz
2005 Cadernos EBAPE.BR  
From the mid-1960s, 'maquila' plants were established in the Mexican Northern border. The Mexican model was based on foreign firms establishing their own assembly plants. Even though this model was less successful than that of East and South East Asian in terms of several techno-economic indicators, it has largely contributed to employment generation. However, as a result of internal learning process and changes in the global firms strategies, several 'maquilas' operating in Mexico have
more » ... Mexico have undergone important qualitative changes. During the 1990s there was a change in the nature of their productive and technological activities towards more complex products and more innovative technological activities. In contrast, other dimensions have evolved slowly, such as the engagement of Mexican suppliers in global supply chains.
doi:10.1590/s1679-39512005000500016 fatcat:6hjexjj5m5bmplefzwbqxqqrjm