An Investigation of a Mathematical Model for the Internal Velocity Profile of Conical Diffusers Applied to DAWTs

DISTERFANO L.M. BARBOSA, JERSON R.P. VAZ, SÁVIO W.O. FIGUEIREDO, MARCELO DE OLIVEIRA E SILVA, ERB F. LINS, ANDRÉ L.A. MESQUITA
2015 Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências  
The Diffuser Augmented Wind Turbines (DAWTs) have been widely studied, since the diffusers improve the power coefficient of the wind turbine, particularly of small systems. The diffuser is a device which has the function of causing an increase on the flow velocity through the wind rotor plane due to pressure drop downstream, therefore resulting in an increase of the rotor power coefficient. This technology aids the turbine to exceed the Betz limit, which states that the maximum kinetic energy
more » ... um kinetic energy extracted from the flow is 59.26%. Thus, the present study proposes a mathematical model describing the behavior of the internal velocity for three conical diffusers, taking into account the characteristics of flow around them. The proposed model is based on the Biot-Savart's Law, in which the vortex filament induces a velocity field at an arbitrary point on the axis of symmetry of the diffusers. The results are compared with experimental data obtained for the three diffusers, and present good agreement.
doi:10.1590/0001-3765201520140114 pmid:25923169 fatcat:gvpgi3mmsjfxdgvz35l7kkrthi