Improved bounds for some facially constrained colorings

Kenny Štorgel
2020 Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory  
A facial-parity edge-coloring of a 2-edge-connected plane graph is a facially-proper edge-coloring in which every face is incident with zero or an odd number of edges of each color. A facial-parity vertex-coloring of a 2connected plane graph is a proper vertex-coloring in which every face is incident with zero or an odd number of vertices of each color. Czap and Jendroľ in [Facially-constrained colorings of plane graphs: A survey, Discrete Math. 340 (2017) 2691-2703], conjectured that 10 colors
more » ... suffice in both colorings. We present an infinite family of counterexamples to both conjectures. A facial (P k , P )-WORM coloring of a plane graph G is a vertex-coloring such that G contains neither rainbow facial k-path nor monochromatic facial -path. Czap, Jendroľ and Valiska in [WORM colorings of planar graphs, Discuss. Math. Graph Theory 37 (2017) 353-368], proved that for any integer n ≥ 12 there exists a connected plane graph on n vertices, with maximum degree at least 6, having no facial (P 3 , P 3 )-WORM coloring. They also asked whether there exists a graph with maximum degree 4 having the same property. We prove that for any integer n ≥ 18, there exists a connected plane graph, with maximum degree 4, with no facial (P 3 , P 3 )-WORM coloring. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
doi:10.7151/dmgt.2357 fatcat:lkmfcv473bfw5ltje6kv5ddct4