PREVALENCE OF DEPRESSION AMONG HEMODIALYSIS PATIENTS IN AL-MADINAH AL-MUNAWARAH SAUDI ARABIA: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY

Asma Mutni Almutairi Tariq Awadh Almuadwi
2018 Zenodo  
Background:Psychological health is as important as physical health, which needs more attention to provide the high quality of life to patients with chronic diseases. Kidney disease is among the top-stress illnesses because of the chronicity and long-term management of the disease. Depression is common in CKD and is associated with a significant risk of adverse consequences. Anxiety and depression are the two most common entities in the hemodialysis population.Methods:A cross-sectional study had
more » ... sectional study had been conducted by using a convenience sample. A total of 399 hemodialytic patients in Almadinah, Saudi Arabia had been included in this study. The data were analyzed using Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21.A p-value cut off point of 0.05 at 95% CI used to determine statistical significance. Numbers and percentages were used to presents all categorical variables while mean ± standard deviation were used to summarize all continuous variables. We used Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS SR-16) to measure the depression of hemodialysis patients. (29) The analyses that measure the association between socio-demographic characteristics and depression level among hemodialysis patients by using chi-square test.Results:There were 399 patients who were voluntarily involved in this study. Age range of the patients were from 13 to 84 years old where 51 (12.8%) of the patients were from 30 years or less age group, 74 (18.5%) were from 31 – 40 years' age group, 72 (18.0%) were from 41 – 50 years' age group, 97 (24.3%) were from 51 – 60 years' age group and 105 (26.3%) were in more than 60 years' age group. Majority of them were males as 210 (52.6%) while 189 (47.4%) were females. It was revealed that the prevalence of depression among hemodialytic patients was 69.2% where no depression had 30.8%, Mild depression had 35.3%, moderate depression had 24.1%, Severe depression had 7.5% and very severe with 2.3%. Significant relationship foun [...]
doi:10.5281/zenodo.2022298 fatcat:wwh6qskvsvfrfekojexueaxhmu