Cognitive-behavioral treatments for post-traumatic stress disorder [chapter]

Kathleen M. Chard, Amy F. Buckley, Ruth A. Lanius, Eric Vermetten, Clare Pain
The Impact of Early Life Trauma on Health and Disease  
Recent innovations in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) research have led to new and potentially significant psychological treatments. Parallel to that, new enhancements to empirically validated cognitive approaches have been identified. This paper aims to review the current literature and research evidence on cognitive-behavioral interventions for posttraumatic stress disorder. More specifically, the paper will examine the core principles of the most predominant theories informing trauma
more » ... cused therapies, by providing an account and a critique, of the robustness and validity of each model. The review concludes with the claim that cognitive behavioral approaches do offer a coherent basis for the treatment of PTSD as evident by the plethora of multi-representational approaches to trauma; whilst their efficacy is being favoured by a rich body of research evidence. However, a number of methodological limitations related to randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and conceptual omissions that fail to capture the disorder in its entirety, point to the embracement of alternative approaches to PTSD such as psychodynamic and eclectic therapies, which is in line with counseling psychology's pluralistic ethos. Future research may wish to focus on exploring these claims further, by conducting a meta-analysis of outcome studies across all major therapeutic modalities. How to cite this article Athanasiadou-Lewis C. A critical evaluation of the conceptual model and empirical evidence for current cognitive behavioral approaches to post-traumatic stress disorder from a counseling psychology perspective. Edorium J Psychol 2017;3:1-9.
doi:10.1017/cbo9780511777042.031 fatcat:yrt6ize6mbdvfka7t2hgfv5h7i