Suppression of Pyrite Oxidation by Formation of Iron Hydroxide and Fe(III)-silicate Complex under Highly Oxidizing Condition
Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
Acid drainage generated by pyrite oxidation has caused the acidification of soil and surface water, the heavy metal contamination and the corrosion of structures in abandoned mine and construction sites. The applicability of Na-acetate (Na-OAc) buffer and/or Na-silicate solution was tested for suppressing pyrite oxidation by reacting pyrite containing rock and treating solution and by analyzing solution chemistry after the reaction. A finely ground Mesozoic andesite containing 10.99% of pyrite
... g 10.99% of pyrite and four types of reacting solutions were used in the applicability test: 1) H 2 O 2 , 2) H 2 O 2 and Na-silicate, 3) H 2 O 2 and 0.01M Na-OAc buffer at pH 6.0, and 4) H 2 O 2 , Na-silicate and 0.01M Na-OAc buffer at pH 6.0. The pH in the solution after the reaction with the andesite sample and the solutions was decreased with increasing the initial H 2 O 2 concentration but the concentrations of Fe and SO 4 2were increased 10 -20 times. However, the pH of the solution after the reaction increased and the concentrations of Fe and SO 4 2decreased in the presence of Na-acetate buffer and with increasing Na-silicate concentration at the same H 2 O 2 concentration. The solution chemistry indicates that Na-OAc buffer and Na-silicate suppress the oxidation of pyrite due to the formation of Fe-hydroxide and Fe-silicate complex and their coating on the pyrite surface. The effect of Na-OAc buffer and Na-silicate on reduction of pyrite oxidation was also confirmed with the surface examination of pyrite using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The result of this study implies that the treatment of pyrite containing material with the Na-OAc buffer and Na-silicate solution reduces the generation of acid drainage.