Case Report Pseudomyxoma cutis; a new entity

Tadashi Terada
2013 Int J Clin Exp Pathol   unpublished
Pseudomyxoma (PM) implies an accumulation of a large amount of mucins which show myxomatous appearances. PM Peritonei (PMP) is famous and the only example of PM. PMP means excessive accumulation of mucins and mucin-secreting cells in the peritoneal cavity. The causes of PMP are mostly mucinous tumors, both benign and malignant, of ovaries and vermiform appendix. The author experienced excessive accumulation of mu-cins and mucin-producing cells in the subcutis and deep soft tissue. This
more » ... ssue. This situation very resembled PMP. Thus, the author termed the lesion as PM cutis (PMC). A 57-year-old man admitted to our hospital because of multiple sub-cutaneous large tumors in the perianal skin. The tumors were deeply seated and soft. No biopsy was performed. Very large skin and subcutis resection of the perianal region was done. Grossly, the material was skin and sot tissue flap measuring 25x25x5cm. The subcutis and deep soft tissue were resected. On cut surface, the tumor was slimy liquid. Microscopical examination revealed a large amount of mucins pools and mucin-producing intestinal epithe-lium with mild atypia. The author diagnosed it metastatic extremely well differentiated adenocarcinoma producing mucins, and pointed out anorectal primary. Thus, Miles operation was performed, which showed tumor formation in the anus. The tumor was located from the submucosa to adventitia, and composed of mucin pools and mucins producing intestinal-type epithelium with atypia. Mucins histochemistry showed that the mucin pools and epithelial cytoplasm contained neutral, carboxylated, and sulfated mucins.