184 Patient perception of SLE burden: the role of disease activity, comorbidities and treatment
Results Tofacitinib was well tolerated with no worsening of SLE disease activity, and no severe AEs, opportunistic infections or liver function abnormalities. A total of 43 AEs (mostly mild respiratory infections) occurred in the treated group compared to 28 AEs in placebo. There was a significant increase in HDL-C and HDL particle size in tofacitinib-treated patients at day 56 (p=0.006) accompanied by significant improvements in plasma protein lecithin: cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT)
... ferase (LCAT) concentration. There were also trends for improvements in vascular stiffness in the tofacitinib-treated group. The Interferon response genes (type I IFN), the levels of low-density granulocytes (LDGs) and neutrophil extracellular trap (NET remnants) significantly decreased in the tofacitinib treated group who were STAT 4 risk allele positive but not in the placebo group at day 56, accompanied by significant changes in pSTAT phosphorylation of different immune cells. Levels of activation and checkpoint markers CD103, CXCR3, ICOS, and PD-1 were significantly decreased on multiple T cell subsets, in tofacitinib treated individuals that lack the STAT4 risk allele. Conclusions In a short-term trial, tofacitinib was well tolerated in SLE subjects with mild-moderate disease activity. Use of tofacitinib resulted in improvements in lipoprotein profile and HDL function and decreases in the type I IFN and aberrant neutrophil responses characteristic of SLE. Long-term studies are needed to determine the efficacy of tofacitinib in the various manifestations of SLE.