Correlation between sestrin2 expression and airway remodeling in COPD

Da-Wei Zhang, Yuan-Yuan Wei, Shuang Ji, Guang-He Fei
2020 BMC Pulmonary Medicine  
Airway remodeling is a major pathological characteristic of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and has been shown to be associated with oxidative stress. Sestrin2 has recently drawn attention as an important antioxidant protein. However, the underlying correlation between sestrin2 and airway remodeling in COPD has yet to be clarified. A total of 124 subjects were enrolled in this study, including 62 control subjects and 62 COPD patients. The pathological changes in airway tissues
more » ... assessed by different staining methods. The expression of sestrin2 and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) in airway tissues was monitored by immunohistochemistry. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) were used to detect the serum concentrations of sestrin2 and MMP9. The airway parameters on computed tomography (CT) from all participants were measured for evaluating airway remodeling. The relationship between serum sestrin2 and MMP9 concentration and airway parameters in chest CT was also analyzed. In patients with COPD, staining of airway structures showed distinct pathological changes of remodeling, including cilia cluttered, subepithelial fibrosis, and reticular basement membrane (Rbm) fragmentation. Compared with control subjects, the expression of sestrin2 and MMP9 was significantly increased in both human airway tissues and serum. Typical imaging characteristics of airway remodeling and increased airway parameters were also found by chest CT. Additionally, serum sestrin2 concentration was positively correlated with serum MMP9 concentration and airway parameters in chest CT. Increased expression of sestrin2 is related to airway remodeling in COPD. We demonstrated for the first time that sestrin2 may be a novel biomarker for airway remodeling in patients with COPD.
doi:10.1186/s12890-020-01329-x pmid:33198738 fatcat:poqttvgnx5f6biusem7wfgkb4a