Numerical Study on the Shear Stress Characteristics of Open-Channel Flow over Rough Beds
Bed shear stress is an important measure of benthic habitats since it is related to many ecological processes. In this study, we focused on the fluctuating characteristics of shear stress in rough-bed open-channel flows. The roughness element method was adopted to mimic natural rough beds and the Improved Delayed Detached Eddy Simulation (IDDES) model was used to obtain comprehensive information about shear stress near the rough bed. Three arrangement patterns of the roughness elements were
... lated to compare their effects on flow structure and shear stresses. The arrangements of the roughness elements altered the Reynold stress and turbulent kinetic energy characteristics, due to the variance of blockage in lateral directions that led to flow detachment and changes in the flow directions. Quadrant analysis revealed the spatial variations of the instantaneous shear stress burst events at different locations in the wake. By using spectrum analysis, the accumulation of shear-stress energy from small to large vortex scales was estimated, which revealed that the instantaneous effect of the shear stress was significantly stronger than the effect of the time-averaged shear stress, especially on small scales. The results of this study suggest the significance of the fluctuation part of shear stress in further studies on ecological processes.