Quantifying Hypothesis Space Misspecification in Learning From Human–Robot Demonstrations and Physical Corrections

Andreea Bobu, Andrea Bajcsy, Jaime F. Fisac, Sampada Deglurkar, Anca D. Dragan
2020 IEEE Transactions on robotics  
Human input has enabled autonomous systems to improve their capabilities and achieve complex behaviors that are otherwise challenging to generate automatically. Recent work focuses on how robots can use such input - like demonstrations or corrections - to learn intended objectives. These techniques assume that the human's desired objective already exists within the robot's hypothesis space. In reality, this assumption is often inaccurate: there will always be situations where the person might
more » ... re about aspects of the task that the robot does not know about. Without this knowledge, the robot cannot infer the correct objective. Hence, when the robot's hypothesis space is misspecified, even methods that keep track of uncertainty over the objective fail because they reason about which hypothesis might be correct, and not whether any of the hypotheses are correct. In this paper, we posit that the robot should reason explicitly about how well it can explain human inputs given its hypothesis space and use that situational confidence to inform how it should incorporate human input. We demonstrate our method on a 7 degree-of-freedom robot manipulator in learning from two important types of human input: demonstrations of manipulation tasks, and physical corrections during the robot's task execution.
doi:10.1109/tro.2020.2971415 fatcat:btlfyed7ibdqddogkmtwcigxuu