摘 要: 近年来, 脊柱形态异常问题成了阻碍小学生健康成长的重要问题, 为了引起社会和教育界对此问题的关注和重视, 论文采用文献资料法对近二十年以来国际学者对儿童青少年脊柱形态问题的研究结果进行了分析。结果表明: 受生活习惯、 学习因素、 运动参与、 先天因素、 疾病因素、 防护措施、 营养摄入等因素影响, 儿童青少年极易出现脊柱形态异常问题; 脊柱形 态异常对儿童青少年危害极大, 可能导致儿童青少年产生肌肉疲劳和受损, 胸闷气短、 疼痛, 严重的会导致心肺功能受损, 更 严重的可能造成脊髓损伤、 甚至导致瘫痪。结论: 1.儿童青少年脊柱形态异常发生率很高; 2.脊柱形态异常对儿童青少年危害 很大。 Abstract: In recent years, spinal deformity has become an important problem hindering the healthy growth of primary school students. In order to arouse the attention and attention of society and
... ducation circles, this paper analyzes the research results of domestic and foreign scholars on the spinal shape problems of children and adolescents in recent 20 years by using the method of literature review. The results show that: affected by living habits, learning factors, sports participation, congenital factors, disease factors, protective measures, nutrition intake and other factors, children and adolescents are prone to spinal deformity; spinal deformity is very harmful to children and adolescents, which may lead to muscle fatigue and damage, chest tightness, shortness of breath, pain, and even heart and lung Function damage, more serious may cause spinal cord injury, even lead to paralysis. Conclusion: 1. The incidence of abnormal spinal shape in children and adolescents is very high; 2. Spinal deformity is harmful to children and adolescents.