Conjurar a qualificação de violência: justificativas e práticas do recurso à coerção nas hospitalizações psiquiátricas DOI 10.5752/P.1678-9563.2009v15n3p1

Delphine Moreau
2010 Psicologia em Revista  
soin psychiatrique, et peut inclure placement en chambre d'isolement, administration de traitements, et autres contraintes concernant les conditions de l'hospitalisation (vêtements, visites, appels, etc.). A partir d'entretiens avec les différentes catégories de soignants (médecins, infirmiers et aides-soignants) et d'observations ethnographiques menées dans des services d'urgence psychiatrique et dans un service d'hospitalisation, nous avons analysé dans une approche compréhensive la manière
more » ... ensive la manière dont les professionnels justifient le recours à la contrainte et en définissent les limites de façon à écarter la qualification de violence. Mots-clé: hospitalisaion psychiatrique; contraintes; justifications. Abstract Hospitalization without consent is in the core of accusations against Psychiatry as it exerts illegitimate coercions, a criticism often expressed by professionals in the area themselves. With around 13% of the hospitalizations carried out in two modes defined by the Law dated June 27, 1990 -office hospitalization and that resulting from a third party's demand -the exercise of coercion is an integral part of psychiatric treatment and may include reclusion in isolation rooms, administration of treatments and other coercions related to hospitalization conditions (clothing, visits, recommendations, etc.). Based on interviews with various categories of professionals (doctors, nurses and technicians), as well as on ethnographic observations in psychiatric urgency services and in one hospitalization service, we analyzed, by means of a comprehensive approach, the way professionals justify the use of coercion and define its limits, so as to evade the qualification of violence. Resumen Psicologia em Revista, Belo Horizonte, v. 15, n. 3, p. 1-21, dez. 2009 Conjurar a qualificação de violência: justificativas e práticas do recurso à coerção nas hospitalizações psiquiátricas A justifican el uso de la coacción y definen sus límites para que no llegue a ser clasificada como una violencia.
doi:10.5752/p.1678-9563.2009v15n3p1 fatcat:27y5jcscx5c3zg6mflyow3nroa