Finite-size corrections to Fermi's golden rule: I. Decay rates

K. Ishikawa, Y. Tobita
2013 Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics  
A quantum mechanical wave of a finite size moves like a classical particle and shows a unique decay probability. Because the wave function evolves according to the Schrödinger equation, it preserves the total energy but not the kinetic energy in the intermediate-time region of a decay process where those of the parent and daughters overlap. The decay rate computed with Fermi's golden rule requires corrections that vary with the distance between the initial and final states, and the energy
more » ... bution of the daughter is distorted from that of plane waves. The corrections have universal properties in relativistically invariant systems and reveal macroscopic quantum phenomena for light particles. The implications for precision experiments in beta decays and various radiative transitions are presented.
doi:10.1093/ptep/ptt049 fatcat:ltrdfuxwqjanxjcr4g6qllc35m