Structural connectivity-based segmentation of the human entorhinal cortex [article]

Ingrid Framås Syversen, Menno P. Witter, Asgeir Kobro-Flatmoen, Pål Erik Goa, Tobias Navarro Schröder, Christian F. Doeller
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
The medial (MEC) and lateral entorhinal cortex (LEC), widely studied in rodents, are well defined and characterized. In humans, however, the exact locations of their homologues remain uncertain. Previous functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have subdivided the human EC into posterior-medial (pmEC) and anterior-lateral (alEC) parts, but uncertainty remains about the choice of imaging modality and seed regions, in particular in light of a substantial revision of the classical
more » ... of EC connectivity based on novel insights from rodent anatomy. Here, we used structural, not functional imaging, namely diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and probabilistic tractography to segment the human EC based on differential connectivity to other brain regions known to project selectively to MEC or LEC. We defined MEC as more strongly connected to presubiculum and retrosplenial cortex (RSC), and LEC as more strongly connected to distal CA1 and proximal subiculum (dCA1pSub) and orbitofrontal cortex (OFC). Although our DTI segmentation had a larger medial-lateral component than in previous fMRI studies, our results show that the human MEC and LEC homologues have a border oriented both towards the posterior-anterior and medial-lateral axes, supporting the differentiation between pmEC and alEC.
doi:10.1101/2021.07.16.452500 fatcat:ypy4il7ruvd5doqglwoluhnoum