CURRENT ISSUES OF COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL THERAPY
Scientific Notes of Ostroh Academy National University: Psychology Series
СУЧАСНА ПРОБЛЕМАТИКА КОГНІТИВНО-ПОВЕДІНКОВОЇ ТЕРАПІЇ
Prolonged instability of socio-political conditions and unpredictable transformations in the modern life of many countries of the world require from the average person realization of stress-protective abilities and constant activation of an adaptive reserve. These features of modern life make increased demands on psychotherapeutic practice. One of the most recognized modern methods of psychotherapeutic care around the world is cognitive-behavioral therapy, which is rapidly evolving and
... cally updated with new data. We consider timely and relevant analysis of recent publications in the field of cognitive-behavioral therapy and identification of promising research topics that will serve as a basis for their further in-depth study. The purpose of the article is to determine the main directions and priority topics of research of cognitive-behavioral therapy at the present stage of its development (for the last 5 years during 2017-2021). During the research the methods of theoretical analysis of scientific sources on research issues were used; systematization, generalization of the analyzed data. According to the results of our study, two main areas were identified: theoretical and methodological (specified components of the "third wave" of cognitive-behavioral therapy; data on comparing the methodology of cognitive-behavioral therapy with other psychotherapeutic practices, including Gestalt therapy, Мusic therapy) and methodical (means of cognitive-behavioral therapy aimed at diagnosing cognitive errors – "Scale of emotional schemes of R. Likha" in adaptation by N. Sirota, questionnaire of cognitive errors by A. Freeman, R. DeVolf in adaptation by O. Bobrov and E. Faizrakhmanova, Scale of cognitive exposures R. Kovin in the adaptation of T. Kryukova, identified areas of implementation of modern training programs of cognitive-behavioral therapy – educational activities, family relationships). The obtained results can be applied in the education in order to update the work programs and educational literature on teaching the basics of cognitive-behavioral therapy. A review of current research on cognitive-behavioral therapy has shown that the priority topics of the theoretical and methodological direction are the latest trends of the third wave of cognitive-behavioral therapy, as well as a comparative analysis of cognitive-behavioral therapy and other psychotherapeutic practices. The most relevant topics of methodological direction are the development and adaptation of methodological tools of cognitive-behavioral therapy; improvement of technologies for conducting sessions of cognitive-behavioral therapy in clinical practice; introduction of training programs in the paradigm of cognitive-behavioral therapy in socio-pedagogical practice. It can be generalized that modern cognitive-behavioral therapy is intensively developed and updated in accordance with the requirements of the time (integration of approaches, Internet communication, mobile applications for cognitive-behavioral therapy).