An Energy-Aware Routing Scheme with Node Relay Willingness in Wireless Sensor Networks
First International Conference on Innovative Computing, Information and Control - Volume I (ICICIC'06)
Energy efficiency has been known as the most significant problem in all facets of the Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) operations. Many routing schemes, which use the constrained energy available at sensor nodes more efficiently, have been presented. A lot of these routing schemes try to find the optimal paths to optimize the energy utilization at a sensor node. We take the view that the network survivability is an important metric for measuring the network lifetime. For an energy-aware routing
... gy-aware routing scheme in WSNs, it is necessary to use the sub-optimal paths occasionally to increase the network survivability. In this paper, we present a new network lifetime definition and formulate the energy-aware routing problem with defined network lifetime. And then we propose an energy-aware routing scheme with the node relay willingness for WSNs, which considers routing packets not only through the sensor nodes with sufficient energy reserves, but also through the light-loaded nodes. Simulation results show that the network lifetime of the proposed algorithm is longer than that of the routing algorithm considering the energy reserves only.