Estimation of High-frequency Wave Radiation Areas on the Fault Plane of the 1995 Hyogo-ken Nanbu Earthquake by the Envelope Inversion of Acceleration Seismograms

Yasumaro Kakehi, Kojiro Irikura, Mitsuyuki Hoshiba
1996 Journal of Physics of the Earth  
We estimated the high-frequency wave radiation process on the fault plane of the 1995 Hyogo-ken Nanbu earthquake (MJMA=7.2), which was a strike slip event along active inland faults, by the envelope inversion of strong-motion acceleration seismograms. The horizontal extent of the region that radiated high-frequency (2-10 Hz) waves is about 45 km, which matches the source region estimated from the inversion of strong-motion displacement waveforms. High-frequency waves were mainly radiated at the
more » ... nly radiated at the periphery of this source region, while a clear gap of radiation was seen in the center. Along the Nojima fault, both high-and low-frequency wave radiation were large. This is explained by the fact that the rupture broke the ground surface here. Highfrequency waves were also radiated at the step-over of faults between Awaji Island and the Kobe area. The step-over is interpreted to have behaved as a geometrical barrier and generated high-frequency waves when ruptured. The radiation of high-frequency waves in the northeastern part from the hypocenter to Kobe was small in the large moment release areas estimated from the displacement waveform inversion, and large at their peripheries. This suggests these high-frequency waves were stopping phases from the subevents corresponding to the large moment release areas. The extent of the source region of high-frequency waves roughly matches that of the heavily damaged areas. We inferred that the strong high-frequency waves that came directly from the source was one of the causes of the heavy damage to low-rise structures.
doi:10.4294/jpe1952.44.505 fatcat:tbydkw4ygngdxapve77wepgqiy