Parent and Nonparent Perception of the Multimodal Infant Cry

Julia R. Irwin
2003 Infancy  
This study examined whether perceivers can detect infant distress in the visual and acoustic signals within the cry. Parent and nonparent perceivers rated distress in 3-, 6-, 8-, and 12-month-old infants' cries that were manipulated to separate facial, vocal, and bodily action. Mean perceiver ratings differed for high-and low-distress cries at each infant age on the basis of facial and vocal action, but not bodily movement. Perceivers rated the cry sound as more distressed and the cry face as
more » ... d the cry face as less distressed with increasing infant age. Parents rated the cries as less distressed overall than did nonparents. The results suggest that information about distress is available for perceivers in the crying infant's face and voice.
doi:10.1207/s15327078in0404_06 fatcat:3tg6iyr2ujattl3t2ld65wqgqi