Populism and gender*

Rahel Lee, Nirel
This paper focused on two concept widely discussed in literature and widely used in public discourse: Populism and Gender. "Populism" can be defined as a thin-centered ideology that views society as composed of two groups, 'the people' and 'the elite'. "Gender" typically refers only to behavioral, social, and psychological characteristics of men and women, 1 as well as the socially constructed roles, behaviors, activities, and attributes within a cultural and social context. Although the two
more » ... cepts relate many times to shared topics, they are rarely mentioned together. There only few studies that examine both concepts in a direct manner, for example that of Mudde and Kaltwasser (2015), and thus the paper wished to conclude whether or not the two concept have any connection one with the other and the nature of such a relationship, if such exist. The premise was that the two concept share various characteristics, such as being of elusive nature and thus do not have a decisive definition accepted by all. Another example can be that the two are linked to subjects such as politics and allocation of resources and power. These examples imply that a relationship between the two can be established. In order to do so the various aspects and usages of the two concepts were compared. The comparison implied a relationship between the two concepts can be established but it is a very complex relationship, one that includes both similarities and contradictions. The paper shows that although both populism and gender have shared attributes, such as their basic definition is based on a dichotomy of two contrasts, the contradictions that exist between the two, such as populism being mostly male dominant, can explain the reason why the two are rarely put together.