Frequency selection in a gravitationally stretched capillary jet in the jetting regime [article]

Isha Shukla, François Gallaire
2019 arXiv   pre-print
A capillary jet falling under the effect of gravity continuously stretches while thinning downstream. We report here the effect of external periodic forcing on such a spatially varying jet in the jetting regime. Surprisingly, the optimal forcing frequency producing the most unstable jet is found to be highly dependent on the forcing amplitude. Taking benefit of the one-dimensional Eggers & Dupont (J. Fluid Mech., vol. 262, 1994, 205-221) equations, we investigate the case through nonlinear
more » ... ations and linear stability analysis. In the local framework the WKBJ formalism, established for weakly non-parallel flows, fails to capture the nonlinear simulation results quantitatively. However in the global framework, the resolvent analysis supplemented by a simple approximation of the required response norm inducing breakup, is shown to correctly predict the optimal forcing frequency at a given forcing amplitude and the resulting jet breakup length. The results of the resolvent analysis are found to be in good agreement with those of the nonlinear simulations.
arXiv:1908.03767v1 fatcat:jsu4klo4tjeoxb2l5tzrfmidoi