Muon-Spin Rotation in Multiferroic Cu3Mo2O9 under Electric Fields
It has been demonstrated that the muon spin rotation measurements under electric field give helpful information about the electrically induced magnetism, e.g., the cross correlation effects in multiferroic materials. We have developed an electric-field application system up to 500 V for the Dolly spectrometer at the Paul Scherrer Institute. We report the electric-field effects on the μSR spectrum in the multiferroic material Cu 3 Mo 2 O 9 , where a slightly canted antiferromagnetic long-range
... gnetic long-range order appears together with the ferroelectricity below 8 K. In the muon-spin rotation spectrum at 1.5 K, two kinds of the internal magnetic fields are clearly observed as a beating oscillation. The muon-spin spectrum depends on the electric fields along the c axis of the crystal along which the spontaneous electric polarization appears. From the fitting of the spectra in time and frequency domains, it is shown that the observation of the electric-field dependence on the muon-spin spectra clearly indicates a change of the internal magnetic fields induced by the application of the external electric fields. We propose a model with one muon-stopping site which explains the observed spectra qualitatively. This model is based on the magnetic excitations in Cu 3 Mo 2 O 9 obtained from the inelastic neutron-scattering experiments.