Addressing Noise and Skewness in Interpretable Health-Condition Assessment by Learning Model Confidence

Yuxi Zhou, Shenda Hong, Junyuan Shang, Meng Wu, Qingyun Wang, Hongyan Li, Junqing Xie
2020 Sensors  
Assessing the health condition has a wide range of applications in healthcare, military, aerospace, and industrial fields. Nevertheless, traditional feature-engineered techniques involve manual feature extraction, which are too cumbersome to adapt to the changes caused by the development of sensor network technology. Recently, deep-learning-based methods have achieved initial success in health-condition assessment research, but insufficient considerations for problems such as class skewness,
more » ... class skewness, noisy segments, and result interpretability make it difficult to apply them to real-world applications. In this paper, we propose a K-margin-based Interpretable Learning approach for health-condition assessment. In detail, a skewness-aware RCR-Net model is employed to handle problems of class skewness. Furthermore, we present a diagnosis model based on K-margin to automatically handle noisy segments by naturally exploiting expected consistency among the segments associated with each record. Additionally, a knowledge-directed interpretation method is presented to learn domain knowledge-level features automatically without the help of human experts which can be used as an interpretable decision-making basis. Finally, through experimental validation in the field of both medical and aerospace, the proposed method has a better generality and high efficiency with 0.7974 and 0.8005 F1 scores, which outperform all state-of-the-art deep learning methods for health-condition assessment task by 3.30% and 2.99%, respectively.
doi:10.3390/s20247307 pmid:33352690 fatcat:lmnwszbo7bg6pg4azjnzl4u5we