Thermodynamic Approach for the Identification of Instability in the Wood Using Acoustic Emission Technology
In order to monitor the crack growth of the wood material better and reduce failure risks, this paper studied the attenuation characteristics of acoustic emission signals in wood through pencil lead breaking (PLB) tests, in the aim of estimating the true amplitude value of the acoustic emission source signal. The tensile test of the double cantilever beam (DCB) specimens was used to simulate the crack tip growth within wood material, monitoring acoustic activity and location of crack tips
... of crack tips within wood material using acoustic emission technology and digital image correlation (DIC). Results showed that the attenuation degree of acoustic emission signals increased exponentially as the propagation distance increased, and the relationship between relative amplitude attenuation rate and the propagation distance of the acoustic emission signal was established by the regression method, which provides the input parameters for the establishment of the crack instability prediction model in the next step. Based on a thermodynamic approach, a theoretical model for predicting crack instability was established, and the model was verified by DCB tests. The model uses acoustic emission parameters as the basis for judging whether the crack is instable. It provides theoretical support for the application of acoustic emission technology in wood health monitoring.